This is a bread that I make a lot.
My mom made this for the family when I was little and we ate it all in one sitting with a lot of butter on top. It is simply best fresh from the oven with butter that kind of melts straight away when you spread it on the bread. So delicious.
I make this for my family too and we often eat it in one sitting – with a lot of butter (or sometimes without it because the flavor is just that good).
And because everyone loves it, I sometimes make 2-3 batches at a time so we can enjoy it for an extra day or two.
Oatmeal bread with cinnamon, ginger & cloves
Autumn and winter call for spices. This bread is so tasty, and smells so good and can be served on its own or with a lot of butter. I usually double or triple my recipe and put it in a large cake tin (or 2-3 bread tins) because this bread disappears VERY quickly in my house.
- 3 dl flour (or 2 dl flour and 1 dl oat flour)
- 1-2 dl brown sugar (the original recipe calls for 3 dl but I normally just use 1 or 2 dl)
- 3 dl oats
- 3 dl buttermilk (or plain yoghurt or full-fat milk)
- ½ tsk ginger powder
- ½ tsk ground cloves
- 1 tsk cinnamon
- 1 tsk cacao powder
- 1 tsk natron
- pinch of salt
- Put the dry ingredients in a big bowl and mix together. Then mix in the buttermilk and stir until everything is combined. You can use a stand or hand mixer (just don't mix it for too long) but I always use my big wooden spatula.
- Put the batter in a baking tray, lined either with baking paper or grease with butter. Bake for 50-60 minutes (in a pre-heated owen) at 200°C.
Serving size: Per slice (one bread is approx. 10 slices) | Calories: 158 | Fat: 2 g | Trans fat: 0 g | Carbohydrates: 29 | Sugar: (added) 8 g | Fiber: 2 g | Protein: 5
Cinnamon: There are two main types of cinnamon: Cassia cinnamon, the most common variety and Ceylon cinnamon, also known as “true” cinnamon and believed to be the healthier version (1).
Cinnamon is loaded with powerful antioxidants, such as polyphenols (2) and studies show that cinnamon and its antioxidants have potent anti-inflammatory properties. Cinnamon also seems to reduce levels of total cholesterol (especially LDL cholesterol and triglycerides while HDL “the good” cholesterol remains stable) (3). Studies have furthermore confirmed the anti-diabetic effects of cinnamon, showing that it can lower fasting blood sugar levels by 10–29% (4, 5, 6) and reduce insulin resistance (7, 8).
Ginger: Ginger has a very long history of use as medicine like aiding digestion, reducing nausea and helping fight the flu and common cold, just to name a few.
The unique fragrance and flavor of ginger come from its natural oils, the main bio-active compound being gingerol. Gingerol is responsible for much of gingers medicinal properties and it has powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects (9).
Ginger appears to be highly effective against nausea (10) as well as pregnancy-related nausea often known as morning sickness where only as little as 1.5 g of ginger seems to significantly relieve those symptoms (11). Furthermore, ginger has anti-inflammatory effects and has been shown to lower fasting blood sugar levels by as much as 12% (12).
Cloves: Cloves have many potential health benefits. As well as containing several important vitamins and minerals, cloves are rich in antioxidants (13). They have also been shown to support liver health and help stabilize blood sugar levels (14, 15, 16). Furthermore, cloves seem to have antimicrobial properties where they can help to stop the growth of e.g. bacteria (17) and they have been found to be beneficial in relation to type 2 diabetes mellitus, where they seem to increase the uptake of sugar from the blood into cells, increase the secretion of insulin and improve the function of cells that produce insulin (18).
Oats are a good protein source, especially for vegans and vegetarians. They are also high in immune-boosting vitamin E and contain flavonoids called avenanthramides – potent antioxidant which help to break down cholesterol build-up and reduce the risk of heart disease (19, 20, 21). Oats are high in dietary fiber and are also rich in silica, an anti-inflammatory mineral which soothes the digestive tract (22, 23). They are also packed with B vitamins (B1, B2, B3 & B6) as well as folate (B9), iron, calcium, magnesium, potassium, zinc and selenium (22).
- Yan-Hong Wang et al. Cassia Cinnamon as a Source of Coumarin in Cinnamon-Flavored Food and Food Supplements in the United States. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2013 61 (18), 4470-4476.
- Rao PV, Gan SH. Cinnamon: a multifaceted medicinal plant. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2014;2014:642942.
- Cinnamon Improves Glucose and Lipids of People With Type 2 Diabetes.
- Kirkham, S., Akilen, R., Sharma, S. and Tsiami, A. The potential of cinnamon to reduce blood glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 2009; 11: 1100-1113.
- Pham, A.Q., Kourlas, H. and Pham, D.Q. Cinnamon Supplementation in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Pharmacotherapy: The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy, 2007; 27: 595-599.
- Mang, B., Wolters, M., Schmitt, B., Kelb, K., Lichtinghagen, R., Stichtenoth, D.O. and Hahn, A. Effects of a cinnamon extract on plasma glucose, HbA1c, and serum lipids in diabetes mellitus type 2. European Journal of Clinical Investigation, 2006; 36: 340-344.
- Qin B, Panickar KS, Anderson RA. Cinnamon: potential role in the prevention of insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2010;4(3):685–693.
- Anderson, R. (2008). Chromium and polyphenols from cinnamon improve insulin sensitivity: Plenary Lecture. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 67(1), 48-53.
- Wang S, Zhang C, Yang G, Yang Y. Biological properties of 6-gingerol: a brief review. Nat Prod Commun. 20014 Jul; 9(7):1027-30.
- Ernst E, Pittler MH. Efficacy of ginger for nausea and vomiting: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. Br J Anaesth 2000 Mar; 84(3):367-71.
- Viljoen E, Visser J, Koen N, Musekiwa A. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect and safety of ginger in the treatment of pregnancy-associated nausea and vomiting. Nutr J. 2014;13:20.
- Khandouzi N, Shidfar F, Rajab A, Rahideh T, Hosseini P, Mir Taheri M. The effects of ginger on fasting blood sugar, hemoglobin a1c, apolipoprotein B, apolipoprotein a-I and malondialdehyde in type 2 diabetic patients. Iran J Pharm Res. 2015;14(1):131–140.
- Bin Shan, Yizhong Z. Cai, Mei Sun and Harold Corke. Antioxidant Capacity of 26 Spice Extracts and Characterization of Their Phenolic Constituents. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2005 53 (20), 7749-7759.
- Ali S, Prasad R, Mahmood A, et al. Eugenol-rich Fraction of Syzygium aromaticum (Clove) Reverses Biochemical and Histopathological Changes in Liver Cirrhosis and Inhibits Hepatic Cell Proliferation. J Cancer Prev. 2014;19(4):288–300. doi:10.15430/JCP.2014.19.4.288
- Kuroda, M., Mimaki, Y., Ohtomo, T. et al. Hypoglycemic effects of clove (Syzygium aromaticum flower buds) on genetically diabetic KK-Ay mice and identification of the active ingredients. J Nat Med (2012) 66: 394.
- Sahar Y. Al-Okbi, Doha A. Mohamed, Thanaa E. Hamed, and Amr E. Edris. Protective Effect of Clove Oil and Eugenol Microemulsions on Fatty Liver and Dyslipidemia as Components of Metabolic Syndrome. Journal of Medicinal Food 2014 17:7, 764-771.
- Nzeako BC, Al-Kharousi ZS, Al-Mahrooqui Z. Antimicrobial activities of clove and thyme extracts. Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J. 2006;6(1):33–39.
- Safina Ghaffar et al. Clove and Its Active Compound Attenuate Free Fatty Acid-Mediated Insulin Resistance in Skeletal Muscle Cells and in Mice. Journal of Medicinal Food 2017 20:4, 335-344.
- Whitehead A, Beck EJ, Tosh S, Wolever TM. Cholesterol-lowering effects of oat β-glucan: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014;100(6):1413–1421.
- Braaten JT et al. Oat beta-glucan reduces blood cholesterol concentration in hypercolesterolemic subjects. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1994 Jul;48(7):465-74.
- Rimm EB, Ascherio A, Giovannucci E, Spiegelman D, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC. Vegetable, Fruit, and Cereal Fiber Intake and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease Among Men. JAMA. 1996;275(6):447–451.
- ÍSGEM database, the Icelandic database for nutritional content. Oats. Accessed 07.12.2019.
- Jugdaohsingh R. Silicon and bone health. J Nutr Health Aging. 2007;11(2):99–110.